What is DST? I never really knew what it was or what it was for. The only thing I can remember from grade school, was that it was created to help the farmers get more out of their day.
It was implemented to make more efficient use of daylight and to conserve energy. Clocks are set ahead (Spring ahead) one hour. Meaning sunrise and sunset will be and hour later. This practice has only been around for about 100 years.
Ancient civilization practiced similar time management techniques, where they would adjust their daily schedule according to the Sun’s schedule.
DST was fist introduced in the United States in 1918 by President Woodrow Wilson. “Fast time”, as they called it, was put into play to support the efforts during World War I.
During World War II, year round DST was mandated Feb.9, 1942 – Sept. 30, 1945. They called this “War Time”. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, US time zones changed to “Pacific War Time”, “Central War Time” and “Eastern War Time”. Mid August 1945, time zones were renamed “Peace Time”, after the surrender of Japan.
Between 1945-1966, DST was no longer under government law and states were free to choose to follow DST or not. As you can imagine, this caused major confusion for the broadcasting and transportation industries. So! Congress steps in and formed the Uniform Time Act of 1966.
The DST schedule has been revised many times since then. Our schedule now follows the Energy Policy Act of 2005 which states DST starts the second Sunday of March and ends the first Sunday of November.
I wasn’t’ too far off, but I had no idea about the part Daylight Savings Time played during the World Wars. A little history, geography and government lesson balled into one! Don’t forget to move your clocks forward one hour this Sunday! Kids in bed an hour early, Yay! Us waking up the next morning an hour early, not so Yay.
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